Sir David Attenborough has been educating the public on the natural world for decades and is extensively praised for his environmental efforts as a news presenter and nature documentary producer. As the world has become increasingly aware of the changes in wildlife, rising temperatures and increasing pollution, you might be wondering what you can do to help. Attenborough urges people to take action to help save the planet and suggests four ways to do it.

1. Switch To Renewable Energy

Renewable energy sources from wind turbines and solar panels will help to curb the need of fossil fuels. The UK is one of the world’s largest consumers of oil. Switching to more sustainable ways to create electricity could help slow down the effects of climate change. Installing solar panels may have a higher initial cost but can cut electricity bills and would drastically reduce emissions. As technology develops and fossil fuels are slowly becoming something of the past, learning about renewable energy can help to inform and support a more sustainable future.

2. Protect The Ocean

The ocean spans across seventy-one percent of the world’s surface and holds a magnitude of sealife. With the increasing concern that there will be more plastic than fish in the world’s oceans by 2050, looking after our oceans is vital to prevent the loss of biodiversity. The ocean absorbs almost one-third of human caused CO2 emissions (World Resources Institute). Reducing plastic use can help to cut down the amount of waste that ends up in the ocean. The National Geographic outlines a list of ten ways you can preserve the ocean’s beauty.

3. Encourage Nature (Protect Forests)

Our gardens, parks and the countryside have something in common and that is nature. Like the ocean, trees also create cleaner air by capturing carbon dioxide and even conserves energy. Not only do trees reduce air pollution but also limit UV-B rays from the sun by fifty percent, which are known to cause skin cancer and premature aging. Although wildlife and trees will flourish when left alone, there are a number of ways you can help. Research suggests that not mowing lawns can be really good for plants and insects. Another approach would be to be mindful when visiting forests and national parks to ensure that no rubbish is left behind. A quarter of all people on earth directly rely on forests for food, shelter, fuel and income so it is vital that trees are looked after.

4. Adopt A Sustainable Lifestyle

Sustainability is at the forefront of many people’s minds as the world continues to be notably affected by climate change. Human-caused pollution is evident in many ways but changes can start from individual and joint efforts. Only nine percent of the world’s waste is recycled which means that consuming less and re-using products is important to reduce rubbish going to landfills or ending up in the ocean. As countries continue to reduce single-use plastics and welcome more electric cars into the market, the carbon footprint of each person will vary depending on lifestyle choices. Factors such as meat consumption, food wastage, plastic usage and transportation can all have an effect on your carbon footprint. Researching ways to live a more sustainable life can help people and businesses become more environmentally friendly. Being mindful of daily decisions and the impact on the environment will ensure that the planet continues to thrive. In the wise words of Sir David Attenborough, “The truth is: the natural world is changing. And we are totally dependent on that world. It provides our food, water and air. It is the most precious thing we have and we need to defend it.”